Uwagi o scenie bitewnej na reliefie Tang-e Sarvak III

Słowa kluczowe: Partyjskie reliefy skalne, Reliefy skalne Elymaidy, Sasanidzkie reliefy skalne, Irańskie reliefy skalne, Uzbrojenie partyjskie, Uzbrojenie sasanidzkie, Formuły kompozycyjne

Abstrakt

Artykuł dokonuje analizy partyjskiego reliefu skalnego Tang-e Sarvak III z dwóch punktów widzenia: jako źródła bronioznawczego, dostarczającego danych o przedstawionym wyposażeniu bojowym, oraz z perspektywy historyczno-artystycznej, mającej na celu badanie rozwoju motywu zwycięskiego jeźdźca w sztuce starożytnego Iranu. W wyniku dokonanej analizy wyposażenia bojowego tworzy się obraz wojownika odziane go w metalowy kirys otwierany pośrodku tułowia, łuskowy kołnierz starego, jeszcze achemenidzkiego typu oraz folgowe rękawy i lamelkowe spodnie lub nogawice. Jego wierzchowiec oladrowany jest lamelkowym kropierzem z rodzajem lamelkowego fartucha chroniącego pierś konia i jego nogi. Wojownik ma ze sobą późnopartyjski sprzęt łuczniczy który różni się zarówno od wczesno-partyjskiego, ajk i wczesno-sasanidzkiego. W wyniku analizy kompozycyjnej zaproponowano kilka propozycji rekonstrukcji brakującej części reliefu. Jednocześnie wykluczono możliwość wielo-postaciowego, dużego założenia bitewnego, jako nie znajdującego analogii w języku wizualnym epok

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